In 1942, in times of war, the governments of European countries opposed to Nazi Germany and their allies met in the United Kingdom for the Conference of Ministers of Education (CAME). The Second World War was far from over, but these countries were looking for ways and means to rebuild their education systems after peace was restored. Very quickly, the project gained momentum and soon took a universal touch. New governments, including the United States, have decided to participate. On the proposal of CAME, a United Nations conference was convened in London from 1 to 16 November 1945 for the creation of an educational and cultural organisation (ECO/CONF). No sooner had the war ended at the opening of the conference. It brought together representatives from 44 countries who decided to create an organization that would embody a true culture of peace. In his view, the new organization must establish the “intellectual and moral solidarity of humanity” and thus prevent the outbreak of a new world war. Learn more about UNESCO`s history in UNESCO archives as a point of contact for world culture and science, UNESCO`s activities have expanded over the years and include supporting the translation and dissemination of world literature, establishing international cooperation agreements to safeguard human and cultural sites, defending human rights, reducing the global digital divide and creating knowledge societies that are inclusive through information and communication.  UNESCO has launched several global initiatives and movements, such as Education For All, to pursue its major goals. UNESCO has also contributed to a series of political letters on SDG 11 on sustainable cities and has been an active contributor to the World Urban Forum. For more information on UNESCO`s work, visit en.unesco.org/UNESCO-for-Sustainable-Cities. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a special agency of the United Nations (UN).
Its aim is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international cooperation through education, science and culture, in order to promote universal respect for justice, the rule of law and human rights, as well as fundamental freedoms. UNESCO has 195 member countries and pursues its objectives through five major programmes: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, communication and information. UNESCO-supported projects include literacy, technical training and teacher training programmes; International science programs; Promote media independence and press freedom; Regional and cultural history projects; Promote cultural diversity translations of world literature; International cooperation agreements aimed at securing world heritage and natural heritage and respecting human rights and efforts to bridge the global digital divide.